Primary Source Readings


Ayr News [Ayr, Ontario, Canada] 1914 – 1915. 

Berliner Journal [Berlin, Ontario, Canada] 1914 – 1915.

Daily Berlin Telegraph [Berlin, Ontario, Canada] 1914 – 1915. 

The Elmira Signet [Elmira, Ontario, Canada] 1914 – 1915. 

The Hespeler Herald [Cambridge, Ontario, Canada] 1914 – 1915. 

The Waterloo Chronicle-Telegraph [Waterloo, Ontario, Canada] 1914 – 1915.


Census Data:

1871 Census of Canada,

1881 Census of Canada,

1891 Census of Canada,

1901 Census of Canada,

1911 Census of Canada, has added census records dating back to 1825 for parts of Canada, to search these records go to


Other Resources:

Berlin Celebration of Cityhood 1912. Berlin: The German Printing and Publishing Co of Berlin, 1912.

Borden, R. “Canada at War.” Speech, Ottawa, ON, 18 August 1914. Wartime Canada.

Breithaupt, W.H. ‘The Saengerfest of 1875,’ 22nd Annual Report of the Waterloo Historical Society, Kitchener: 1935. “Busy Berlin Jubilee Souvenir 1897,” published by the Berlin News-Record,

Maclean Rose, G. ed. A Cyclopæedia of Canadian Biography: being chiefly men of the time: a collection of persons distinguished in professional and political life: leaders in the commerce and industry of Canada, and successful pioneers. Toronto: Rose Publishing Co., 1886.

Ontario Archives Visual Database,