In 1911, the leading cultural backgrounds of the populations of Galt and Ayr were Scottish, followed by sizable English and Irish populations, with a minority German population. Galt’s dominant populations were 4345 Scottish, 3707 English, 1044 Irish, and 866 people of German ancestry, making the city predominantly British in ancestry. Ayr presents a similar situation, with 432 Scottish, 227 English, 68 Irish, and 68 people of German ancestry. Hespeler, Preston, and surrounding rural areas were quite different, as German ethnics held the majority, followed by an abundance of English people. Hespeler featured a population of 866 Germans, 698 English, 490 Scottish, and 246 Irish, and Preston held 1795 Germans, 1131 English, 342 Irish, and 341 Scottish. Therefore, while Hespeler and Preston had a significant German-Canadian population, British-Canadians outnumbered German-Canadians. Additionally, Waterloo South received 4,607 immigrants from Great Britain, most of which came from England and Scotland. Waterloo South was diverse, but was overwhelmingly Canadian. Much like Waterloo North, the residents were primarily Canadian by birth.
(Fifth Census of Canada 1911, Volume I. C.H.Parmelee: Ottawa, 1912; Fourth Census of Canada 1901, Volume I. Ottawa: S.E.Dawson, 1902; Third Census of Canada, 1890-91. S.E.Dawson, 1893; Second Census of Canada, 1880-81. Maclean, Roger & Co: Ottawa, 1883; First Census of Canada, 1870-71. Ottawa: I.B. Taylor, 1873.)